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The following is the opening letter to the Actuarial Valuation document. Within the document you may view information about Assets, Liabilities, Contributions, Accounting Information, and more.

Click here to access the entire Actuarial Valuation document.

Milliman Letterhead

October 29, 2015

Board of Investments
LACERA 300 N. Lake Avenue, Suite 820
Pasadena, CA 91101-4199

Dear Members of the Board:

As requested, we have performed an actuarial valuation of retirement benefits for the Los Angeles County Employees Retirement Association (LACERA) as of June 30, 2015 to be used in determining the contribution rates effective July 1, 2016. The major findings of the valuation are contained in this report. This report reflects the benefit provisions and contribution rates in effect as of June 30, 2015, and LACERA’s funding policy that was adopted in December of 2009 and amended as of February 2013. It should be noted that under this amended policy, the reserve value for STAR benefits is included in the Valuation Assets for 2014 and future valuations; however, the liability for any potential STAR benefits that may be granted in the future is not included in this valuation.

In preparing this report, we relied, without audit, on information (some oral and some in writing) supplied by LACERA’s staff. This information includes, but is not limited to, statutory provisions, employee data, and financial information. In our examination of these data, we have found them to be reasonably consistent and comparable with data used for other purposes. Since the valuation results are dependent on the integrity of the data supplied, the results can be expected to differ if the underlying data is incomplete or missing. It should be noted that if any data or other information is inaccurate or incomplete, our calculations may need to be revised.

All costs, liabilities, rates of interest, and other factors for LACERA have been determined on the basis of actuarial assumptions and methods that are individually reasonable (taking into account the experience of LACERA and reasonable expectations); and that, in combination, offer a reasonable estimate of anticipated experience affecting LACERA. Further, in our opinion, each actuarial assumption used is reasonably related to the experience of the Plan and to reasonable expectations, which, in combination, represent a reasonable estimate of anticipated experience for LACERA.

This valuation report is only an estimate of LACERA’s financial condition as of a single date. It can neither predict LACERA’s future condition nor guarantee future financial soundness. Actuarial valuations do not affect the ultimate cost of benefits, only the timing of contributions. While the valuation is based on an array of individually reasonable assumptions, other assumption sets may also be reasonable and valuation results based on those assumptions would be different. No one set of assumptions is uniquely correct. Determining results using alternative assumptions (except the +/- 0.5% results shown at the end of the Executive Summary) is outside the scope of our engagement. It should be noted that we recommended lowering the investment return assumption as part of our 2013 Investigation of Experience. The recommendation was not adopted; however, we still believe the current investment return assumption satisfies the relevant actuarial standard of practice using the building block method. Key valuation results using a lower assumption (7.00%) are shown on page 9 of this report.

Future actuarial measurements may differ significantly from the current measurements presented in this report due to such factors as the following: plan experience differing from that anticipated by the economic or demographic assumptions; changes in economic or demographic assumptions; increases or decreases expected as part of the natural operation of the methodology used for these measurements (such as the end of an amortization period or additional cost or contribution requirements based on the Plan’s funded status); and changes in plan provisions or applicable law. Due to the limited scope of our assignment, we did not perform an analysis of the potential range of future measurements. The Board of Investments has the final decision regarding the appropriateness of the assumptions and adopted them as indicated in Appendix A of this report.

Actuarial computations presented in this report are for purposes of determining the recommended funding amounts of LACERA. Actuarial computations under GASB Statements No. 25 and 27 are for purposes of fulfilling financial accounting requirements. The computations prepared for this purpose may differ as disclosed in our report. The calculations in the enclosed report have been made on a basis consistent with our understanding of LACERA’s funding requirements as stated under their Funding Policy.

Determinations for purposes other than meeting these requirements may be significantly different from the results contained in this report. Accordingly, additional determinations may be needed for other purposes. Milliman has provided LACERA financial reporting results relevant to GASB Statement No. 67 in a separate report.

Milliman’s work is prepared solely for the internal business use of LACERA. To the extent that Milliman’s work is not subject to disclosure under applicable public records laws, Milliman’s work may not be provided to third parties without Milliman’s prior written consent. Milliman does not intend to benefit or create a legal duty to any third party recipient of its work product. Milliman’s consent to release its work product to any third party may be conditioned on the third party signing a Release, subject to the following exceptions:

  1. LACERA may provide a copy of Milliman’s work, in its entirety, to LACERA’s professional service advisors who are subject to a duty of confidentiality and who agree to not use Milliman’s work for any purpose other than to benefit LACERA.
  2. LACERA may provide a copy of Milliman’s work, in its entirety, to other governmental entities, as required by law.

No third party recipient of Milliman’s work product should rely upon Milliman’s work product. Such recipients should engage qualified professionals for advice appropriate to their own specific needs.
The consultants who worked on this assignment are pension actuaries. Milliman’s advice is not intended to be a substitute for qualified legal or accounting counsel.

The signing actuaries are independent of the plan sponsors. We are not aware of any relationship that would impair the objectivity of our work.

On the basis of the foregoing, we hereby certify that, to the best of our knowledge and belief, this report is complete and accurate and has been prepared in accordance with generally recognized and accepted actuarial principles and practices. We are members of the American Academy of Actuaries and meet the Qualification Standards to render the actuarial opinion contained herein.

We would like to express our appreciation to Mr. Gregg Rademacher, Chief Executive Officer of LACERA, and to members of his staff, who gave substantial assistance in supplying the data on which this report is based.

We are members of the American Academy of Actuaries and meet the Qualification Standards of the American Academy of Actuaries to render the actuarial opinion contained herein.

We respectfully submit the following report, and we look forward to discussing it with you.


Mark C. Olleman signature

Mark C. Olleman, FSA, EA, MAAA
Consulting Actuary

Nick J. Collier signature

Nick J. Collier, ASA, EA, MAAA
Consulting Actuary


Craig Glyde, ASA, EA, MAAA
Consulting Actuary


This work product was prepared solely for LACERA for the purposes described herein and may not be appropriate to use for other purposes. Milliman does not intend to benefit and assumes no duty or liability to other parties who receive this work. Milliman recommends that third parties be aided by their own actuary or other qualified professional when reviewing the Milliman work product.

To access older reports, use the Actuarial Reports Archives page.